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Soils of the Country

Nine (9) Soil Orders Recognized in the Philippines

Some information about the soil orders
Soil Order Location Position Land Use Relief
Alfisol Ilocos Sur, Ilocos Norte, Occidental Mindoro, Batanes, Quezon, Cagayan old river, levees, plateaus, hilly areas fruit trees, banana nearly level to level moderately steep lands
Andisol Mayon, Isarog, Zambales, Matutum, Kanlaon alluvial terraces, fans formed from mixed alluvium of volcanic and sedimentary materials fruit trees, banana, pineapple undulating steep to very steep and complex slopes
Entisol Surigao, Leyte, Zambales, Bicol, Ilocos Sur, Ilocos Norte, Palawan, Pangasinan, Samar, Iloilo, Agusan floodplain, rough broken land, and along coastal area diversified crops in the alluvial plain, fruit trees, paddy rice, coconuts under pasture on the hilly to mountainous landscape nearly level plain to complex slopes on rough terrain
Histosol Hundred Islands, Leyte, Cotabato, Samar, Agusan Valley, Bicol along coastal area, lakes, inland marshes and mangroves nipa palm, mangroves, mashes, some areas in Mindanao are successful for oil palm production generally flat
Inceptisol Samar, Agusan, Iloilo, Pangasinan, Zambales, Mindoro, Palawan level to nearly level alluvial plain, terraces, fans, hilly and nearly mountainous paddy rice, diversified crops, fruit trees nearly level to moderate rugged landscape
Mollisol Tagaytay, Negros Oriental, Bicol Region, Bohol, Ilocos Norte alluvial terraces, fans formed from mixed alluvium of volcanic and sedimentary materials coffee, banana and diversified crops hilly to moderately steep, and flat lands
Oxisol Rizal, Northern Quezon, Palawan undulating, rolling hilly to mountainous and other stable landscape generally under cogon, talahib, second growth blushes and shrubs and tree type species elevated plains, fans hilly to moderately steep to steep mountainous areas
Ultisol Rizal, Laguna, Zambales, Cavite, Bulacan, Misamis Oriental, Zamboanga, Davao, Mindoro Oriental elevated terraces, piedmont hills and mountains pineapple, cassava, sugarcane, banana and forest tree species elevated piedmont plains, moderately steep, rolling hills and mountain landscape
Vertisol Bulacan, Cavite, Bataan, Cagayan, Zambales, Nueva Ecija, La Union, Tarlac alluvial plains, and alluvial terraces rice, some vegetables nearly level to level

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